Adult earwigs are ¼ to 1-inch-long, and typically dark brown to black in color with a red head and pale yellow-brown legs. The body is elongated and flattened.
The female lays several batches of approximately 50 eggs in nest-like shallow depressions beneath boards or stones.
Earwigs generally live outdoors and feed on plant material. They are highly active at night and hide during the day under any cloak of concealment. Earwigs are outdoor insects that become household pests when they invade structures, usually in the fall or at night. Indoors, they can be found in cracks and crevices, and under furniture and carpeting.
Earwig control and prevention begins outdoors by removing moist harbourages such as wood piles, landscape timbers, mulch, etc. Since it is difficult to control earwigs, it is recommended that you contact your pest control company for a fast, effective solution to these pests.
Pillbugs and sowbugs are dark grey in color and measure between ¼ to 5/8 inches long. These humpbacked, oval crustaceans appear to be covered with segmented armour. Pillbugs can be distinguished from sowbugs through the pillbugs’ ability to roll up into a ball when alarmed.
Porcellio laevis Koch
Female pillbugs and sowbugs carry their eggs in a brood pouch where their young hatch after 45 days. There are 24-28 eggs in each brood; one to three broods are produced each year.
Pillbugs and sowbugs are found in moist areas so they can feed on organic matter. They are commonly found outdoors under stones and plant materials. They frequently invade basements and crawlspaces. They do not cause damage, but still are considered a great nuisance.
For effective control, it is beneficial to reduce moist environments by removing any piles of organic matter, wood, and any other materials that can create harbourage areas.
Silverfish are primitive, wingless insects that are ½ inch long when fully grown. They are flat, somewhat “carrot” shaped, and covered with silvery scales.
The female silverfish lays one to three eggs per day in concealed crevices or beneath objects, which will hatch in about 43 days. The young silverfish look exactly like the adults, except smaller. These insects have longevity, commonly living a minimum of three years.
Silverfish can be found anywhere throughout a structure, from the basement, to individual floors, to attics, to shingles on the roof. They readily feed on books, cloth, and sometimes dried meats or dead insects.
For effective control, it is beneficial to reduce any areas of concentrated moisture. Lowering the temperature and removing any infested items can help eliminate localized infestations. Sanitation is always helpful, but may not greatly reduce the problem. Silverfish are easily controlled with thorough applications of baits and/or residual insecticide sprays or dusts.